Damage to the optic nerve in the eye is known as "Glaucoma" and this eye disease is the leading cause of blindness in the United States today. What Causes This Condition? Usually, the pressure in the eye increases, which is known as intraocular pressure (IOP).
Basically, our eyes contain a certain amount of fluid. When the pressure of this fluid increases, it causes pressure on the optic nerve of the eye, damaging it, which is responsible for sending visual messages from the eyes to the brain. The pressure is known as intraocular pressure (IOP).
How is glaucoma tested? The doctor looks directly into the eye, through the pupil. There are numerous tests for glaucoma, namely: Gonioscopy (use of a special lens to view the exit channels of the angle); Tonometry (test to measure eye pressure); Images of the optic nerve (pictures of the inside of the eye); Pupillary reflex response; Retinal examination; Slit-lamp examination; Visual acuity; Visual field measurement. Your doctor will explain them to you in detail. If you are looking for a Texas Elmiron eye law firm, you can search the internet.
If caught early, glaucoma treatment can be very effective; however, the main goal is to reduce eye pressure. The type of glaucoma you have will invariably decide whether it will be treated with medicine or surgery.
Closed-angle (acute) glaucoma is an emergency! It is usually very sudden, and if not treated quickly, people go blind within a few days. Symptoms can range from sudden and severe pain in one eye, cloudy or decreased vision, nausea, and vomiting, rainbow-shaped halos around lights, red eyes, puffy eyes.
Treatment includes drops, spills, and medications given through a vein. In the worst case, people may need an emergency operation, known as an iridotomy. The only way to save your vision with this version of glaucoma is prompt diagnosis and treatment. Then you will need regular follow-up with your doctor.